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SOME RELEVANT ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECTS SINCE 1996  

2006-presente

Adopt A Ranger is an innovative initiative to try to help solve the most urgent problem that conservation is facing in developing and transition nations: Raise funds to finance rangers in the field. Adopt A Ranger has as its mission to support the conservation of nature worldwide, particularly by:

1998    financing the salaries and operational costs of "national park rangers" and comparable officials whose task it is to protect natural areas and to serve the stakeholder public of the protected area to which they be assigned; and

1999    Assist developing countries in elaborating financing and staffing strategies to  gradually reduce the financing and staffing deficits.

Visit: http://www.adopt-a-ranger.org

  

Brasil, TNC: In the context of COP8 of the CBD in Curitiba, Brasil, the Ministry of Environment (MMA) of Brasil created the National Forum on Protected Areas, with representatives of both the government and society. As part of this endeavour, Dr. Vreugdenhil was invited to make an integral financial analysis for the long term financing of the entire protected areas system (SNUC) of Brasil, involving almost 300 federal, 500 state, some municipal and 500 private protected areas. Using a special version of MICOSYS, an individual costing was made of each of the more than 1200 areas in the database and a financial analysis was made of the budgets and income sources of the MMA and its environmental institute IBAMA. Prognoses were modelled on income sources like visitation revenue, forestry concessions, environmental compensation funding, the protected areas endowment fund (FUNBIO/FAP) etc. and a scenario was portrayed on how the GoB can achieve a permanent minimum adequate financing over a period of 10 years. Special attention was paid to FUNBIO, as its procedures and operation resulted in a rather low net performance in benefit of the protected areas.

2006

 

2005-2006

American hemisphere, OAS/GEF: For the duration of 5 years, the Boticario Foundation for Nature Protection (FBNP) of Brasil, leads a task force of IUCN, WWF, Humboldt Institute (Colombia), NatureServe, TNC, WICE, EcoCiencia (Ecuador), the Mexican National Parks Service - CONANP - and the Mexican Fund for Nature Conservation FMCN on behalf of the Inter American Biological Network (IABIN at http://iabin.net). IABIN, an international institution under the umbrella of the Organization of American States (OAS) with its headquarters in Panama, has received a grant from GEF to develop and set the standards for biological and conservation informatics and technology, data storage and information sharing issues for the entire American Hemisphere. This effort is essential for the region, as it responds to both the Vth World Parks Congress and the CDB COP 7 resolutions, particularly the “Ecosystem Approach”. The task force is working on such issues as the development of a state of the art and yet practical hemispheric methodology (i) for ecosystems classification, identification, mapping and monitoring, (ii) socio-economic as well as biological management effectiveness evaluation of protected areas, (iii) applicable and affordable protected areas and biodiversity monitoring methods, (iv) the development of a web-based database for biodiversity and protected areas data for the member states (currently 34 IABIN signatory countries), (v) the development of a web-based GIS tool with access for all protected areas managers and planners, etc. As part of this crucial task, the task force provide training and workshops for the IABIN member countries. Dr. Vreugdenhil supports the FBNP as the scientific coordinator of the task force, while building on methodologies he has helped develop over the last 15 years.

2005

Tajikistan, Ferghana Valley / Syr Darya River environmental flow assessment, World Bank: In the context of a Irrigation Infrastructure and Hydro-electro Reservoir Rehabilitation project, an environmental flow assessment was carried out, taking in consideration the existing water agreements among the countries feeding in to the Syr Darya River and ultimately the Aral Sea. Special concerns were water quality and the survival of certain threatened fish species.

2005

Mexico, Evaluation 25 million dollars GEF protected Areas management project: The evaluation mission evaluated impacts of the project as well as the policy of the CONANP as a whole where related to the project objectives, as the policy of the project could not be separated from the institution’s national policy on this issue. CONANP does an extraordinary job in assisting local communities. However, with somewhere around a mere 2,000,000 Mexican visitors per year (the USA NPS has between 400 and 500 million visits per year), COANP misses to reach the Mexican public and failing to do so, it lacks a popular support bases to the nation’s protected areas system. Evaluation of the management of 5 protected areas inhabited by local communities. Recommendations to enhance visitation though better management and marketing. The mission advised on both the environmental and social impacts of the project and CONANP management approaches. It advised how future increased visitation could be absorbed without endangering the areas’ natural resources, while it opiniated that the CONANP does far more than merely manage conservation areas: In the most remote and forgotten corners of the country, it functions as the advanced outposts of the federal government in aiding some of the most vulnerable people of the nation – including ethnic minorities - in to achieving self-governance and improving their livelihoods. In the process, CONANP advances gender equity goals among traditional rural communities where the needs for this issue are still eminent.

http://www.nature-worldwide.info/downloads/EvaluacionSINAP2.pdf

2006

Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, Government of Finland/HCG: Formulation mission, in coordination with the Comunidad Andina de Naciones (CAN) of a Finland-CAN Programme that will support and build capacities to: a) improve the ability of the region to implement the Regional Biodiversity Strategy and the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB), b) strengthen the Information Society by promoting the establishment of Information Systems on biological diversity and c) promote regional land use planning through implementation of the Ecological and Economic Zoning (ZEE). Particular attention was paid to the protected areas endowment funds and the national budgets of the protected areas agencies of the 5 Andean-Amazonian countries.

2005-2006

Brasil, TNC: In the context of COP8 of the CBD in Curitiba, Brasil, the Ministry of Environment (MMA) of Brasil created the National Forum on Protected Areas, with representatives of both the government and society. As part of this endeavour, CES/WICE was invited to make an integral financial analysis for the long term financing of the entire protected areas system (SNUC) of Brasil, involving almost 300 federal, 500 state, some municipal and 500 private protected areas.  Using a special version of MICOSYS, an individual costing was made of each of the more than 1200 areas in the database and a financial analysis was made of the budgets and income sources of the MMA and its environmental institute IBAMA. Prognoses were modelled on income sources like visitation revenue, forestry concessions, environmental compensation funding, the protected areas endowment fund (FUNBIO/FAP) etc. and a scenario was portrayed on how the GoB can achieve a permanent minimum adequate financing over a period of 10 years.  Dr. Vreugdenhil advised the World Bank on his concern about the net return of FUNBIO, which was hampered by conditions imposed on the fund by the trustees.

2005 - 2006

Venezuela, GEF mid-sized grant Indigenous people self management project: The Dekuana tribe occupies about 2 million ha of mainly primary forest in southern Venezuela. This on-going project helps the Dekuana to carry out sustainable hunting practices and land use planning involving ILWIS-based GIS applied by the Dekuana. This innovative project involves training and wildlife management research and resource monitoring and participative protected area management planning including sustainable hunting.

2004 - 2005

Serbia, Water Infrastructure Rehabilitation Project, World Bank: Environmental Impact assessment for a 35 million dollar water infrastructure rehabilitation project to strengthen dikes along the Danube, dredge drainage and irrigation canals, refurbish pump stations, reorganisation of the water sector, etc.

2004 - 2005

China, Biodiversity monitoring and GIS training course, NUFFIC: In a combined effort ITC and CES/WICE provided a biodiversity monitoring and GIS training course to the National Park Office of China. This approximate 20 weeks course dealt with all the necessary GIS and monitoring applications for monitoring the 175 national parks and natural heritage sites under the supervision by the NPO. As an on the job training component a participative management plan was made for Sanquin Shan National Park.

2004

Cambridge, Workshop on Conservation Financing, CES/WICE was invited by the World Conservation Finance Alliance to give a presentation on the worldwide costs of protected areas, as its method was the only method in the world that is based on each individual area and about 50 different cost factors common to protected areas systems.  It is also particularly suitable for financial monitoring of protected areas and investment progress made. The only other method is based on rather speculative economic surrogate parameters. 

2004

Ecuador, Sibimbe Hydroproject, World Bank: Environmental Flow and environmental impact assessment mid-size Hydro-electrical project.

2004

Ecuador, Sabanilla Hydroproject, World Bank: Environmental Flow and environmental impact assessment mid-size Hydro-electrical project.

2004

México, EU: Evaluation of the EU project on marine protected areas managed by the Mexican Protected Areas Fund. The project was intended to make 4 key protected areas in the Mexican system financially self-sufficient. While attempting to achieve financial independence for these areas, no effort was made to calculate recurrent and investment costs of the areas.  The evaluation mission designed a costs assessment format for the institution and with the area administrators assessed the costs of each area under evaluation. The outcome showed that financial independence was still elusive and could probably best be achieved through a system of differentiated entry and service fees. Evaluation of the management of 5 protected areas inhabited  by local communities. Recommendations to enhance visitation though better management and marketing. The collaboration between CONAP and CES/WICE on protected areas monitoring was further developed.

2004

Malaysia, Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity, financed WWF: Official IUCN delegate specialist on protected areas financing. Several member states were advised on financial issues that resulted in recommendations on protected areas financing.

2004

World Wide, wholly financed by CES/WICE:  Strategic Document to inform the parties in Kuala Lumpur on worldwide costs of protected areas in developing and transition countries as member of the IUCN delegation at COP7 on the Convention on Biological Diversity. The report is in furtherance of the estimates calculated in 2003. The results are very encouraging: with the total calculated amount of S1.1 billion, the study suggests that costs are about twice as low as the costs calculated by the study with the second lowest estimates, and 20 times lower than suggested by the highest estimate ever made. As the WICE study is based on more than 50 costs factors common to most protected areas in the world, the WICE estimates are far more specific then any other worldwide study previously undertaken, which are all based on generic indicators.

2003

Worldwide, wholly financed by CES/WICE:  Teamleader of a taskforce for the development of a Strategic document for the Vth World Parks Congress in South Africa: “Protected Areas System Planning And Monitoring”. The document reviews the options for efficient biodiversity selection to protected areas systems worldwide based on the experiences of ecosystem mapping.  It reviews previous analysis worldwide since the nineteen seventies and offers solutions both for biodiversity selection and for protected areas monitoring by integrating different appropriate technology modules and tools. It is the first time a holistic method has been presented that deals with aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, flora and fauna, and that a tool has become available to quantify biodiversity geographically. The document unites a task force of world-renowned ecologists like Terborgh, Boere, Vreugdenhil, etc. and has been presented at the Vth World Parks Congress in Durban, 2003.

2003

Worlwide, financed CES/WICE, WB, CI, WWF, IUCN: Cost approximation of all the PAs of all the developing and transition countries of the world in preparation of the Vth World Parks Congress in Durban.  WICE has developed a methodology to cost protected areas management based on very specific cost factors, like staffing, transportation, administrative and operational infrastructure, etc. 

1999-present

Worldwide, wholly financed by CES/WICE: The WICE website http://birdlist.org/ is in the process of developing species lists for the birds, mammals, herpetofauna, butterflies and coral reefs of all countries of the world, currently with more than 3,000,000 data entries. It is currently designing a very user-friendly worldwide on-line biodiversity monitoring database, on-line methods for natural resources and protected areas management, biodiversity and ecosystem mapping, integral water management practices, as well as a non-commercial world wide ecotourism information site, with a protected areas list for each country of the world.  WICE holds 25 specialised domains integrated with http://birdlist.org to facilitate more convenience by users in developing countries.

1999-2003

Central America, CCAD/World Bank/Netherlands Government: The most thorough scientific ecosystems study ever executed in Central America. It involves the detailed forest cover and ecosystems mapping at scale 1:250,000 for all seven Central American Countries as well as a detailed ecosystems analysis. The consultant tasks included: (i) for each country overseeing the production teams of the national specialists, (ii) training in the UNESCO vegetation classification, application and training of GIS, (iii) at the end, assist CATIE in integrating all the GIS files into one large regional ecosystems baseline to be posted on the Website of the Central American Commission for Environment (CCAD), as well as on the one of the World Bank.  The map production is a joint effort of several universities in each one of the participating countries and the Ministries of Environment/Forest Services or equivalent.   The mapping project introduces the detailed UNESCO mapping system as the modern alternative to the Holdridge system, as it reflects the real vegetation situation from remotely sensed images and about 150 detailed field verification sites in each country. A powerful, easy applicable database will serve future projects and national programs to monitor sequestered carbon (the inventories include the basal area factor, a measurement for cubic meters of wood mass per hectare) biodiversity, environmental quality and irregularities in protected areas in a consistent way throughout the region.

1997-1998

Mexico, WB/GEF: Evaluation of the GEF component of the Fondo Mexicano para la Conservacion de la Naturaleza, A.C., the Fondo para Areas Naturales Protegidas (FANP). Fundraising; institutional organization, financing mechanisms, ecotourism, etc. Participitory development of a low-cost permanent monitoring system which can function independently of external financing.  This monitoring system currently forms the bases for the Central American monitoring database.

1995-1998

Central America, UNDP/WB/GEF: This period concerns various different and independently financed GEF projects, in part carried out under UNDP and in part under the World Bank. These projects are very similar in design and make part of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor. They include development of sustainable bufferzone management programs, involving local communities, stakeholders, farmers, indigenous people, and NGOs.  Identification of promising productive activities, such as small scale fishing, animal husbandry, BD-friendly agriculture, communal gold mining, tourism, etc. Preludes to coastal management initiatives. Assessment of strengths and weaknesses of biodiversity protection, of needs of institutional strengthening and investments and of policy and financial priorities of the national parks system. A computerized rating system has been established with the WICE in-house developed MICOSYS-software, involving biodiversity representation, institutional capacities and economic values. Estimate on long-term financial needs for a minimum national conservation system, which includes all major ecosystems of Honduras; identification of self-financing opportunities and gap-analysis.

 

NATURE WORLDWIDE is the official website of the World Institute for Conservation and Environment, WICE. It is an integrated network of web sites dealing with different topics on nature, nature conservation and natural resources management. Read here why we created Nature Worldwide. Our Methodology explains how we produced our information. Our Site Map helps you find your way in the website. We made this website out of passion for conservation. We spent our own salaries and free time to gather the information and publish it on these websites, in total valuing hundreds of thousands of dollars of professional time. Nobody pays us to do this. We simply want to contribute to conservation. If you appreciate our work, PLEASE visit our site Adopt A Ranger and see how you can make a difference for conservation most effectively: By paying one day of the salary of a ranger, you will make a difference in conserving the lives of thousands of birds, other critters and entire forests. Enjoy!

NATURE DU MONDE est le site Web officiel du World Institute for Conservation and Environment, WICE, C'est une collection intégrée de sites web qui traitent avec des sujets différents sur nature, conservation de la nature et gestion des ressources naturelles. Lisez ici pourquoi nous avons créé Nature de Monde. Notre Methodologie explique comme nous avons produit nos renseignements. Notre Site Map vous aide trouver votre entrée dans le site web. Beaucoup de plaisir!

NATURALEZA DEL MUNDO es la página Web oficial del World Institute for Conservation and Environment, WICE, Es una red de páginas Web tratando de temas diferentes relacionados a la naturaleza, la conservación el manejo de recursos naturales, parques nacionales y áreas protegidas. Lea aqui porqué hicimos Naturaleza del Mundo. Nuestra Methodología explica como produjimos la información. Nuestro Mapa del sitio le ayuda encontrar su información en nuestra página web. Disfrute! 

NATUREZA DO MUNDO é o Web site oficial do World Institute for Conservation and Environment, WICE, Es uma red de páginas Web tratando de temas diferentes relacionados à natureza, la conservação el manejo de recursos naturaleiss, parques nacionais y áreas protegidas. Lea aqui porqué creamos Natureza do Mundo. Nossa Methodología explica como produjimos a informação. Nosso Mapa do sitio le ayuda encontrar sua informação no web site. Desfrute!

NATUR DER GANZEN WELT ist, die offiziellen Website der World Institute for Conservation and Environment, WICE. Es ist ein einheitliches Netzwerk von Web Sites, über Themen wie Natur, Natur-Schutz und natürlichem Ressourcen Quellen Hege. Lesen Sie hier warum wir Natur der ganzen Welt gemacht haben. Un

sere Verfahrensweise erklärt, wie wir unsere Informationen produziert würde. Unsere Site Map  hilft Ihnen Ihren Weg im Website zu finden. Viel Spaß!

NATUUR UIT ALLE STREKEN is, de officiële Website van het World Institute for Conservation and Environment, WICE. Het is een geïntegreerd Netwerk van websites, over Natuur, Natuurbescherming en het beheer van natuurlijke hulpbronnen. Lesen Sie hier warum wir Natuur uit alle Streken gemacht haben. Onze pagina Methode legt uit, hoe we onze informatie vergaarden. Onze Site Map helpt u op weg door onze website. 

WICE is a worldwide non-government non-profit organization that contributes to the conservation of nature. While it works on a many issues related to the conservation of nature and the protection of the environment, it is particularly committed to the conservation of national parks and other protected areas.

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